The snake is a powerful symbol in Indian Mythology and Hinduism. The snake (‘Nag’ as they are commonly called in Hindi language) is worshipped by people across the country. Some of these mythical snakes are considered to be ‘protectors’, while others are thought of as ‘destroyers’.
The picture of Lord Shiva is incomplete without the Cobra around his neck (pictured left). Another Indian God, Lord Vishnu, rests on a seven headed snake. There are hundreds of references to snakes with mythical powers in Indian stories. These have made the snake a powerful symbol in Indian Culture.
But there are thousands of beliefs and myths surrounding snakes, widespread in the country, which are misleading. Most of these myths are spread by snake charmers for their livelihood. The common myths among the people and here are the facts.
- Myth: Rat Snakes are venomous
Fact: Rat snakes are Non- venomous, rodent-eating snakes
- Myth: Rat Snakes mate with cobras.
Fact: Neither rat snake nor other snakes mate with different species. Rat Snakes or any other snakes will not mate with any snake out of its own species. Cobras often eat other snakes, so a mating between a Cobra and a Rat snake is not possible.
- Myth: Snakes drink Milk.
Fact: Snakes drink water and do not drink milk. They are reptiles and have no association with milk, only mammals that have mammary glands can produce milk and thus a liking for milk in non-mammals is unlikely. When severely dehydrated, a snake might drink any liquid available.
- Myth: Some Snakes grow a beard as they get older.
Fact: Snakes are reptiles and do not have any hair on their bodies let alone a beard. It is impossible for them to have beards for their bodies do not have any ability of growing hair.
- Myth: Snakes carry a diamond on their forehead.
Fact: It is impossible for a Snake to carry anything on its head. The mythological status attached with a Snake in India is probably responsible for this myth.
- Myth: Snakes remember you if you hurt them.
Fact: Snakes are not vengeful animals and do not have the necessary intelligence to remember people or places for getting revenge. Hindi Movies (Bollywood) have a lot to do with the creation of this myth.
- Myth: If one Snake is killed its partner will trace you (no matter wherever you are).
Fact: Snakes are not vengeful animals and are not interested in chasing or tracing people who hurt them. They do not have the necessary memory and intellect to remember people to trace them back. Neither do snakes have a feeling of camaraderie nor do they pair for life. Once again Bollywood is responsible for this myth.
- Myth: Flying Snakes can pierce somebody’s forehead or put out their eyes.
Fact: A Flying Snake does not actually fly but only glides through the air by extending its ribs and pulling in the underside. It can glide a distance of 330 feet or 100 metre. Green vine snake (different species) have an elongated head which looks like an arrow, but it is soft and never can pierce.
- Myth: Snakes found in India can spit venom.
Fact: No Snake found in India can spit venom. Only Spitting-Cobras can spit venom and they are not found in India.
Myth: There are “Two- headed” snakes.
Fact: The Snake-charmers spread the myth about the Two-headed Snakes only to maintain the mythological status of the snakes in India so they can continue attracting large crowds to their Snake shows. They usually burn the tail of a red sand boa and draw eyes on the tail end and show the people as heads on both sides.