The Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is one of the six surviving subspecies of tigers that remain in the world. While they are found in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan, this tiger has its highest population in India, and is also referred to as the Indian Tiger. The Bengal Tiger is India’s national animal. It can be found in diverse habitats ranging from the foothills of the Himalayas to scrub forests in central India and the mangrove forests of the Sundarbans.
Over the years, rapid loss of habitat and poaching have declined their numbers in the wild. Shrinking habitats have also driven tigers closer to the land in proximity to people, which has led to several conflicts and has caused casualties on both sides.